We are here to answer these and other questions you will not see on any other site! Enough wasting time and let’s go to the part that most interests you.
Even if you are surprised by some climate change, nothing will be so traumatic as to disrupt your adventures! This resplendent island reveals many mysteries and secrets. Soon there are many options to enjoy the trip well.
Understanding the country’s climatic zone, how it is divided, and the time to travel depends on some factors: roadmaps, climate change, and the monsoon.
In the next topics, you will be inside all these variables, and you will have all the information necessary to choose the best route for your tour.
When is the best time to visit Sri Lanka?
The best time to visit Sri Lanka will depend on the script. If you go by the west coast, south, and mountains, the best season is between December to March. If, however, you go to destinations on the east coast, the ideal is to travel between April and September.
So you can go at any time of the year. Although there are monsoons, they do not affect the country simultaneously, only a few parts. By the end of the article, you will know all the monsoons that occur in this unpredictable place.
You will notice that in May, mainly, Colombo is hot and humid. While in Kandy and Nuwara Eliya, located in higher regions are colder.
Another tip is that if you choose to travel between December to April, your trip tends to be busier than people. And if you decide to go to other less crowded seasons, you will have more chances to enjoy, especially the beach areas.
We insist that even out of season, you can be surprised by drizzles, heavy rain, and even floods. So, the ideal is to go, see if everything is ok or, in extreme cases, change the travel plan.
So rest assured, create your best script and travel to Sri Lanka at any time of year to discover great riches and incredible mysteries.
Some variables must be considered: the effects of global warming have affected the climatic zone of the region, causing a year-on-year climate change.
What are the climate divisions in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka is divided into two climatic zones: dry zone and wetland. The central/southern region has higher altitudes, where the peaks, plateaus, basins, valleys, and escarpments predominate.
- North Coast — Jaffna;
- Northwest — Trincomalee;
- West Coast — Colombo, Benota, Negombo, Kalpitiua;
- East Coast — Batticaloa, Arugam Bay;
- South Coast — Galle, Weligama, Tangalle, Yala National Park, Mirissa;
- Cultural Triangle — Dambulla, Anaradapura, Sigiriya, Parque Nacional Minneriya.
- South-west — Kotte, Monte Lavínia, Moratuwa, Dehiwala;
- Central plateau — Kandy, Ella, Nuwara Eliya, Haputale, Hatton, Adams Peak.
Basically, the climate itself remains with tropical temperatures for almost the entire year. The dry zone has average temperatures of 26 to 30º during the day.
While they fall in the wet zone, they are not very cold, approaching 18º to 17º. The hills, mainly, suffer from the falls in the temperatures that arrive to reach shallow temperatures.
And without the monsoons, the rains are less intense in the southeast and northwest but can intensify in other regions of Sri Lanka.
Already the humidity of the air is high in all the regions of the island. Only in the southwest region, it reaches 90%, and in other areas of the island, it is between 60 and 80%.
Then we’ll see the awesome monsoons to make your trip to Sri Lanka well and escape the monsoons at any time of the year.
What are the monsoons in Sri Lanka?
After understanding the climate, monções are triggered by the different temperatures of the land and the ocean, which brings rainfall to various regions of the island.
This causes storms in several regions of the country. The monsoons present themselves with different characteristics in different parts of Sri Lanka. Let’s get acquainted with the monsoons of Sri Lanka.
First monsoon season (March to April)
The first monsoon is marked with thunderstorms, hot and uncomfortable temperatures. It covers the cities of the southwest zone: Kotte, Mont Lavinia, Moratuwa, Dehiwala.
The whole region is covered with rain mainly in the afternoon and evening. In comparison, the more mountainous areas and the city of Colombo are less affected.
Monsoons southwest (May to September)
This southwest monsoon is warmer, with a lot of wind and chances of having heavy rains at any time. It reaches the cities of Galle, Weligama, Mirissa, Tangalle and Yala National Park.
The main feature of the southwestern monsoon, called Yala are the rains that come from the Indian Ocean. The southwest region suffers the most, including Galle.
While northern cities like Jaffna and north-west like Trincomalee receive little or no rain.
Second monsoon season of unstable (October to November)
After the monsoon of the southwest, between October and November, the climate remains unstable. With this at any moment and in any part of the island, rains with thunderstorms, wind and even floods and landslides can occur.
The Galle region continues to be the target of thunder, and once again the Jaffna area escapes the storms.
If this happens, the narrow elephant passage leading to Jaffna and Jaffna will be more peaceful, so take advantage and visit this area.
For this, you will need to overcome the lack of transport conditions and have a letter up your sleeve for emergencies. If you choose to wait, do not despair, for the rain is fleeting.
Northeast Monsoon (December to March)
This northeast monsoon occurs with a predominance of heavy rains between mid-December and March. It reaches the cities of Colombo, Kandy, Ella, Nuwara Eliya, Hatton and Adam’s Peak.
The monsoons coming from the northeast called Maha bring with them colder and drier air during this period, with the central highlands receiving more rainfall. As Kandy is above this region, it receives twice as many rains from the northeast.
It is expected firm and sunny weather as well as rainfall in any part of the island. Although mornings are colder, it is possible to find a warmer climate in the afternoon.
Already the areas in the southwest region, as in Galle, the mountains protect this zone from the northeast monsoons. But the northern and eastern areas receive most of the rains during the northeast monsoon.
It is important to note that after the monsoon the beaches become dirty. This is because when the sea is full, it brings all the trash back to the edge of the beach. The best thing to do is to see if it is not too much or change places.
Overall, we conclude that Sri Lanka is indeed rich in all respects, and the climate could not be left behind. So there is not the best season or the perfect time to go to Sri Lanka.
You can travel any time of the year and enjoy every region of the island and its charming and revealing places.
Did you like the article on the climate in Sri Lanka? Find out more about this incredible island as we have a super complete article on the best destinations to visit in Sri Lanka.